What is Bipolar disorder?

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      Sinbi Kim

        Hello, I hope you are having a wonderful day. In today’s post, we are going to discuss bipolar disorder.


        The word bipolar means two extremes.

        With this being said, people with bipolar disorder go through serious shifts in mood, energy, thinking, and behavior.


        Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that causes dramatic shifts in a person’s mood, energy, and ability to think clearly. People with bipolar disorders have extreme emotional states that occur at distinct times, called mood episodes


        These mood episodes are categorized as manic, hypomanic, depression, and mixed episodes. 

        manic: the period when a person is very high spirited or has more energy than usual such as faster speech, less need of sleep, and increased risky behaviors. 

        hypomanic: is similar to a manic episode but the symptoms are less severe.

        depression: Intense sadness or despair; feeling helpless, hopeless, or worthless. Could include feeling restless or agitated and more.

        mixed episodes: features symptoms of both mania or hypomania and depression.


        Now, we all have a roller coaster ride in our lives. However, with bipolar disorder, these peaks and valleys are more intense. And unlike our ordinary mood swings, the mood changes of bipolar disorder are so intense that they can interfere with your job or school performances, damage your relationship, and disrupt the quality of your life.


        Some might assume that since bipolar includes manic or hypomanic episodes, wouldn’t it be beneficial after all?


        This upbeat, jumpy, or wired behavior can affect their work. An exaggerated sense of self-confidence can also make them invest all their money. Their unusual thoughts can lead to poor decision-making, leading to risky behavior.


        Let us educate ourselves to stop the prevailing stigmas on mental illnesses!

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